Author: Program for the Study of Sustainable Change and Development (Tufts University. Global Development and Environment Institute)
Publisher: Island Press
Category: Business & Economics
According to neoclassical theory, efficient interaction between the profit-maximizing "ideal producer" and the utility-maximizing "ideal consumer" will eventually lead to some sort of social optimum. But is that social optimum the same as human well-being? Human Well-Being and Economic Goals addresses that topic. It brings together more than 75 concise summaries of the most significant writings that consider issues of present and future individual and social welfare, national development, consumption, and equity.
What are the ends of economic activity? According to neoclassical theory, efficient interaction of the profit-maximizing "ideal producer" and the utility-maximizing "ideal consumer" will eventually lead to some sort of social optimum. But is that social optimum the same as human well-being? Human Well-Being and Economic Goals addresses that issue, considering such questions as: Does the maximization of individual welfare really lead to social welfare? How can we deal with questions of relative welfare and of equity? How do we define, or at least understand, individual and social welfare? And how can these things be measured, or even assessed? Human Well-Being and Economic Goals brings together more than 75 concise summaries of the most significant literature in the field that consider issues of present and future individual and social welfare, national development, consumption, and equity. Like its predecessors in the Frontier Issues in Economic Thought series, it takes a multidisciplinary approach to economic concerns, examining their sociological, philosophical, and psychological aspects and implications as well as their economic underpinnings. Human Well-Being and Economic Goals provides a powerful introduction to the current and historical writings that examine the concept of human well-being in ways that can help us to set goals for economic activity and judge its success. It is a valuable summary and overview for students, economists, and social scientists concerned with these issues.
Human impacts on the environment are largely driven by economic forces. If a more ecologically sustainable world is to be achieved, significant changes must be made to the current growth- and consumption-dependent economic system. The Frontier Issues in Economic Thought series was designed to assist the growing number of economists and others who are responding to the need for new thinking about economics in the face of environmental and social forces that are reshaping the world.The Changing Nature of Work examines the causes and effects of the rapid transformation of the world of work. It provides concise summaries of the key writings on work and workplace issues, extending the frontiers of labor economics to include the often overlooked social and psychological dimensions of work.The book begins with a foreword by former Secretary of Labor Robert Reich that presents labor in contemporary perspective. An introductory overview provides a brief history of the changing nature of work and situates current problems in the context of longer-term developments. Following that are eight topical sections that feature three- to five-page summaries for each of the ten to twelve most important articles or book chapters on a subject.Sections cover.new directions in labor economics social and psychological dimensions of work and unemployment globalization and labor new technologies and organizational change flexibility and internal labor markets new patterns of industrial relations family, gender, paid and unpaid work difference and diversity in the workplaceThe book provides a roadmap for scholars on the vast and diverse literature concerning labor issues, and affords students a quick overview of that rapidly changing field. It is an important contribution to the series and is a valuable book for anyone interested in labor, as well as for students and scholars of labor economics, industrial sociology, industrial relations, social psychology, and their respective disciplines.
This book provides insights into how human well-being could be better defined and empirically assessed. It takes stock of and reviews various concepts and measures and provides recommendations for future practice and research.
This volume presents some of the latest developments in research in interdisciplinary traditions of ecological economics in India. It outlines strategies and policies that can be adopted to ensure ecological sustainability. Containing both methodological and empirical essays, the book covers a number of critical issues including: - ecological and social resilience - ecosystem services and quality of life - policy reform for sustainable development - governance and ecosystems - valuing changes in the ecosystem - communities and collective action Overall, the contributors maintain that it is essential to rethink the criteria used in the design of development processes in order to avoid committing ecological blunders. The volume focuses on the need for bridging the knowledge systems of ecology and economics and, as such, will be of interest to researchers, environmentalists, economists and development practitioners.
Phronesis and Quiddity in Management addresses the issue of the excellence in judgment-making, its concept and characterisation. This book investigates first into what constitutes excellent managerial skills centred on leadership revolving around judgement-making (rather than decision-making) and second into whether they can be taught.
One of the critical issues of our time is the dwindling capacity of the planet to provide life support for a large and growing human population. Based on a symposium on ecosystem health, Managing for Healthy Ecosystems identifies key issues that must be resolved if there is to be progress in this complex area, such as: Evolving methods f
Sarah Owen Vandersluis critically examines approaches to cultural policy within the global economy. This study taps into the growing debate on ethical theory and International Political Economy. It challenges the normative positions of nationalists and welfare economists, before developing an alternative communitarian ethics for cultural policy in a global economy. The study concludes with an examination of the practical implications of this ethics in several case studies.
This Research Handbook advances entrepreneurship theory in new ways by integrating and contributing to contemporary theories of practice. Leading theorists and entrepreneurship experts, who are part of the growing Entrepreneurship as Practice (EaP) research community, expertly propose methodologies, theories and empirical insights into the constitution and consequences of entrepreneuring practices.
This monograph provides an analysis of the economic performance and living standard in Czechoslovakia and its successor states, Hungary, and Poland since 1945. The novelty of the book lies in its broad comparative perspective: it places East Central Europe in a wider European framework that underlines the themes of regional disparities and European commonalities. Going beyond the traditional growth paradigm, the author systematically studies the historical patterns of consumption, leisure, and quality of life—aspects that Tomka argues can best be considered in relation to one other. By adopting this “triple approach,” he undertakes a truly interdisciplinary research drawing from history, economics, sociology, and demography. As a result of Tomka’s three-pillar comparative analysis, the book makes a major contribution to the debates on the dynamics of economic growth in communist and postcommunist East Central Europe, on the socialist consumer culture along with its transformation after 1990, and on how the accounts on East Central Europe can be integrated into the emerging field of historical quality of life research.