This work focuses on the ideological intertwining between Czech, Magyar, Polish and Slovak, and the corresponding nationalisms steeped in these languages. The analysis is set against the earlier political and ideological history of these languages, and the panorama of the emergence and political uses of other languages of the region.
Review text: "The BAAL jury was right: apart from being an excellent introduction to the linguistic situation in the 19th century Habsburg empire, this volume is an inspiring, challenging and highly recommended read for any scholar involved in historical sociolinguistics."Wim Vandenbussche in: Linguist List 16.1244.
This is a comprehensive bibliography of publications relating to Czechs in America, from the earliest time since the discovery of the New World to date, covering their settlement, community life and their contributions to their host country. Although emphasis is on English titles, including books, as well as articles, the relevant titles in Czech language have also been included, particularly in those areas where there is a paucity of English titles. English translations of the Czech titles were normally placed in parentheses. To assure maximum utility, the bibliography has been organized and classified into specific sectors by subject. Under most major headings, general surveys are listed first, followed by more specific categories, which have, in turn, been subdivided into subcategories. Individual entries in all sections are arranged chronologically. Under most subject areas separate biographical sections were added, comprising individuals of note in the respective fields. Apart from providing information on just about every aspect of human endeavor, it is hoped that it will induce serious students and scholars to do more work in areas that have not been adequately researched.
This volume provides an in-depth analysis of the attempts of language experts and governments to control language use and development in Eastern Europe, Eurasia and China through planned activities generally known as language planning or language policy. The ten case studies presented here examine language planning in China, Russia, Tatarstan, Central Asia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and focus in particular on developments and disputes that have occurred since the ‘fall of communism’ and the emergence of a new order in the late 1980s. Its authors highlight the dominant issues with which language planning is invariably intertwined. These include power politics, tensions between ‘official language’ and ‘minority languages’, and the effects of a country’s particular political, social, cultural and psychological environment. Offering a detailed account of the socio-political and ideological developments that underlie language planning in these regions, this book will provide a valuable resource for students and scholars of linguistics, cultural studies, political science, sociology and history.
Publisher: Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press
Born January 1, 1993 after it split with Slovakia, the Czech Republic is one of the youngest members of the European Union. Despite its youth as a nation, this land and the areas just outside its modern borders boasts an ancient and intricate past. With A History of the Czech Lands, editors Jaroslav Pánek and Oldrich Tuma—along with several scholars from the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and Charles University—provide one of the most complete historical accounts of this region to date. Pánek and Tuma’s history begins in the Neolithic era and follows the development of the state as it transformed into the Kingdom of Bohemia during the ninth century, into Czechoslovakia after World War I, and finally into the Czech Republic. Such a tumultuous political past arises in part from a fascinating native people, and A History of the Czech Lands profiles the Czechs in great detail, delving into past and present traditions and explaining how generation after generation adapted to a perpetually changing government and economy. In addition, Pánek and Tuma examine the many minorities that now call these lands home—Jews, Slovaks, Poles, Germans, Ukrainians, and others—and how each group’s migration to the region has contributed to life in the Czech Republic today. The first study in English with this scope and ambition, A History of the Czech Lands is essential for scholars of Slavic, Central, and East European studies and a must-read for those who trace their ancestry to these lands
Charles Jonas (Karel Jonas) was an important political and cultural figure in both nineteenth-century Europe and America. As a Czech European in his youth he was representative of a new complexity in Czech political life during the waning years of the Bach era (1849-59) and then during the initial stages of constitutional experimentation in the Austrian empire. His childhood was spent in Malesov, Bohemia, near Kutna Hora, where he probably had contact with Karel Havlicek Borovsky, the pioneer Czech political journalist. In 1859 he was a student at the Prague Technical School until his internal and then external exile in 1860. In Prague his abilities brought him into contact with many prominent political and cultural personalities associated with the Czech revival. Among these were Votja Naprstek, Frantisek Rieger, Frantisek Palacky, Josef Barak, and Karel Sabina. He also aroused attention among officials of the Austrian police because of his writings, associations, and political actions. Austrian police officials forced him to leave Prague in May 1860, and after spending a short period at his birthplace in Malesov and then at an estate north of Prague, he left for England in October 1860. For the next two-and-a-half years he was associated with a group of Czech exiles, including Adolf Straka, medical doctor and 1848-49 revolutionary, and Josef Vaclav Fric, poet, journalist, and revolutionary. This circle maintained contact with Russian emigres, among whom were Alexander Herzen and Mikhail Bakunin, and with Polish exiles. In March 1863 Jonas journeyed to Racine, Wisconsin, to edit the recently established Slavie, a Czech-language weekly paper with which he was associated until his death. Over the next thirty-three years, Jonas became a Czech-immigrant leader, prominent Wisconsin politician, diplomat, and linguist. As a politician he was close to the "Bourbon" democrats of the upper midwest, and as such was associated with William Freeman Vilas, and through him, with Thomas Bayard and even Grover Cleveland. Indeed, Jonas dedicated his excellent Czech grammar Bohemian Made Easy to President Cleveland. Three sojourns in Europe (1870-71, 1886-89, 1894-96) as either a correspondent or consular officer reaffirmed his ties to his homeland. Indeed, the tragic mental illness of the last two years of his life, his suicide in Germany, and his last will specifying that he be buried in Prague suggest that he had never reconciled himself to his thirty-year exile in America. At the same time, however, as an "exile," he had on the surface adapted very well. He was Czech America's foremost leader from 1872 to 1896. He spoke English perfectly, he understood American ways (he wrote survival books for his fellow immigrants), and he was the first Czech in the United States to be elected to statewide office (lieutenant governor of Wisconsin) and the first Czech to serve in the U.S. consular service. Truly, with his old-country affiliations, he was an "Old Czech" (Czech National Liberal), and with his U.S. associations he was a Bourbon Democrat.
The phenomenon of national identities, always a key issue in the modern history of Bohemian Jewry, was particularly complex because of the marginal differences that existed between the available choices. Considerable overlap was evident in the programs of the various national movements and it was possible to change one's national identity or even to opt for more than one such identity without necessarily experiencing any far-reaching consequences in everyday life. Based on many hitherto unknown archival sources from the Czech Republic, Israel and Austria, the author's research reveals the inner dynamic of each of the national movements and maps out the three most important constructions of national identity within Bohemian Jewry – the German-Jewish, the Czech-Jewish and the Zionist. This book provides a needed framework for understanding the rich history of German- and Czech-Jewish politics and culture in Bohemia and is a notable contribution to the historiography of Bohemian, Czechoslovak and central European Jewry.