This book reports on a research program designed to construct the basics of a new type of literacy that teaches pupils social problem-solving at individual and collective levels. It is the first of a series of books about a chain of intervention research subprojects started in 2009 teaching pupils basic skills to make well-balanced decisions; to resolve conflicts in a nonviolent manner; and to develop good social relationships and responsibility, critical thinking, and other abilities which give children and young people the tools needed to pursue their options in life. According to the United Nations, there is no systematic program in schools that develops these capacities in pupils. This volume fills the gap by describing successful classroom interventions and by developing a framework for social problem-solving literacy as mandated by the United Nations Child Convention.
What does it mean to be a wealthy, or rich, school? What makes a school poor? Is it only about money? Rich Brain, Poor Brain explores the differences that separate students opportunities for success. Dr. Bone discusses the research on threats of poverty, the ways poverty shapes brains and behaviors, and ways to change these outcomes for students. LEAP across social and synaptic gaps posed by poverty with strategies across four broad areas: Language, Experiences, Attitudes, and Performance.
In the first book to present the history of Baltimore school desegregation, Howell S. Baum shows how good intentions got stuck on what Gunnar Myrdal called the "American Dilemma." Immediately after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision, the city's liberal school board voted to desegregate and adopted a free choice policy that made integration voluntary. Baltimore's school desegregation proceeded peacefully, without the resistance or violence that occurred elsewhere. However, few whites chose to attend school with blacks, and after a few years of modest desegregation, schools resegregated and became increasingly segregated. The school board never changed its policy. Black leaders had urged the board to adopt free choice and, despite the limited desegregation, continued to support the policy and never sued the board to do anything else. Baum finds that American liberalism is the key to explaining how this happened. Myrdal observed that many whites believed in equality in the abstract but considered blacks inferior and treated them unequally. School officials were classical liberals who saw the world in terms of individuals, not races. They adopted a desegregation policy that explicitly ignored students' race and asserted that all students were equal in freedom to choose schools, while their policy let whites who disliked blacks avoid integration. School officials' liberal thinking hindered them from understanding or talking about the city's history of racial segregation, continuing barriers to desegregation, and realistic change strategies. From the classroom to city hall, Baum examines how Baltimore's distinct identity as a border city between North and South shaped local conversations about the national conflict over race and equality. The city's history of wrestling with the legacy of Brown reveals Americans' preferred way of dealing with racial issues: not talking about race. This avoidance, Baum concludes, allows segregation to continue.
Intelligence is wasted on problems that themselves have been caused by an excess of intelligence. Lean Brain Management strives toward uncompromising Lean Brain Quality. Lean Brain stands for consistent economization of intelligence in all realms of life: Intelligent systems will only be operated by unskilled workers. Education, universities, and schools would become obsolete. A week of training would be enough for virtually any job. ("You are now the physician for the measles in the State of Ohio. In response to phone calls, send this prescription.") Lean Brain is not aimed at dumbing down! Lean Brain can survive on just a very small amount of central intelligence. Potential savings amount to trillions! This is demonstrated using Germany as an example. With this book, Dueck presents a radical suggestion for world improvement. The desire to laugh infinitely about it will eventually segue into a collective rude awakening. The book contains concrete advice for managers to economize on intelligence, and is thus—in keeping with the theme—written in an easy-to-read fashion. It contains no self-doubt whatsoever. Awarded the Business Book Prize from Financial Times Deutschland and getAbstract AG
This publication promotes school based mental health services as a means for increasing access to care and for early intervention. There are 3 levels of intervention in school-based mental health: 1. Universal promotion/prevention: Implementing whole-school approaches (including training teachers and administrators) to ensure and foster wellness. 2. Targeted prevention: Providing prevention services for youth at-risk of developing mental health problems. 3. Indicated services: Providing assessment and direct care for youth with identified mental health needs. The approach of this Issue presents current evidence-based practice in schools and review of schools as a vital part of systems of care for youth. In addition to psychiatrists, this issue addresses collaboration with families, educators, administrators, social workers, counselors and psychologists. The Editors leading this issue are from Vanderbilt University and University of Maryland. Both Vanderbilt and Maryland have well-established clinical programs that provide a full continuum of mental health services, including "indicated services" to serve youth with mental health diagnoses (i.e., severe psychiatric disorders). Psychiatrists are part of the treatment team, and work directly in the school or provide consultation (often via telehealth technologies). Given that family engagement is a major part of making therapies work effectively, partnering with families is a critical part of the treatment process.
Educators looking for proven methods to introduce brain-compatible instruction into K–12 classrooms will find invaluable assistance in this easy-to-read, engaging resource. The author helps teachers understand how the brain, mind, and body function in the learning process, demonstrates methods to reinforce students' memory and concentration, and illustrates ways to enhance learners' outcomes across a broad range of skills. This flexible guide converts the latest findings on brain research into fun and effective techniques for reducing behavioral distractions in class, improving academic performance, and strengthening teachers' instructional skills. Within a holistic brain-based teaching model, this practical book offers: • 40 brain-friendly tools for improving learning and test results • A brain-based review feature that helps readers evaluate and modify the tools to meet students' needs • Stimulating quotes and motivational proverbs for inspiration • Stories, songs, poems, and anecdotes woven throughout the text This guide is ideal for empowering students and helping them take ownership of their learning.
The founder of the Arrowsmith Program shares how she overcame severe learning disabilities by developing brain exercises to combat neurological challenges, discussing what her achievements reveal about the potential for shaping the human brain.
Preterm birth affects over 15 million newborns worldwide each year and is the main contributor of neonatal mortality and morbidity. While neonatal survival following preterm birth continues to improve, this has not been matched by a decline in neurological outcome. There is still a high prevalence of motor problems, executive dysfunction, and cognitive impairment in infants born preterm. Improved neuroimaging has helped to describe different types of neonatal brain injuries in this population and has given a better understanding of underlying pathogenesis. However, therapies are still lacking and there is a great need to find novel strategies to improve injury and functional outcome.
The book introduces readers to the two ways the brain is programmed to learn. It explains how these two systems affect classroom instruction and explains how the events of the culture affect brain development. It also explains how to set up a brain-compatible classroom and the underlying principles that guide all stu- dent learning. The book is loaded with student projects of all kinds that are emo- tonally engaging to students and help them learn more successfully. The book also explains how the emotional part of the brain (the limbic system) many times interferes with learning and prevents reasoning, thinking, and problem-solving to occur preventing students from using the rational parts of the brain (the frontal lobe system) to occur. The book explores how dysfunctional behavior in school such as ADD, & ADHD are related to school skill development and achievement. The argument is made that pre-requisite school success skills that lead to proficiency in reading, writing, calculating, and problem-solving are not really taught but merely assumed to be learned from the home and the early grades. Not only that but these pre-requisite skills are ALL found in the frontal lobe executive functions. The students who have those skills are almost always the high achievers in school. Those students that dont have these school success skills simply dont achieve at the level of the other students who have those skills.
Establishing the parameters and goals of the new field of mind, brain, and education science. A groundbreaking work, Mind, Brain, and Education Science explains the new transdisciplinary academic field that has grown out of the intersection of neuroscience, education, and psychology. The trend in “brain-based teaching” has been growing for the past twenty years and has exploded in the past five to become the most authoritative pedagogy for best learning results. Aimed at teachers, teacher trainers and policy makers, and anyone interested in the future of education in America and beyond, Mind, Brain, and Education Science responds to the clamor for help in identifying what information could and should apply in classrooms with confidence, and what information is simply commercial hype. Combining an exhaustive review of the literature, as well as interviews with over twenty thought leaders in the field from six different countries, this book describes the birth and future of this new and groundbreaking discipline. Mind, Brain, and Education Science looks at the foundations, standards, and history of the field, outlining the ways that new information should be judged. Well-established information is elegantly separated from “neuromyths” to help teachers split the wheat from the chaff in classroom planning, instruction and teaching methodology.