Examines, from various perspectives, the school failure and success of Chicano students. The contributors include specialists in cultural and educational anthropology, bilingual and special education, educational history, developmental psychology.
During the early 1990s - when this book's first edition was published - the Chicano population in the USA numbered nearly 13 million (two thirds of its total Latino population). Indications were that school problems and conditions - which were already poor for these people - were worsening. A decade down the line, how has the situation changed? From various perspectives, the second edition of this respected work examines the school failure and success of Chicano students. For many years two theories have prevailed: one being that institutional forces and structures that promote and maintain inequality are the root cause of these poor schooling conditions and outcomes; the other being a set of insidious assumptions steeped in racism. In recent years, however, scholarship has followed more constructive streams of thought. Two features characterise his new edition. Each contributor provides a comprehensive and state-of-the-art chapter, updated with a contemporary commentary on Chicano students. They also address the question of whether the educational status of the Chicano population will grow commensurately with its population.
In 1925 Adolfo ‘Babe’ Romo, a Mexican American rancher in Tempe, Arizona, filed suit against his school district on behalf of his four young children, who were forced to attend a markedly low-quality segregated school, and won. But Romo v. Laird was just the beginning. Some sources rank Mexican Americans as one of the most poorly educated ethnic groups in the United States. Chicano Students and the Courts is a comprehensive look at this community’s long-standing legal struggle for better schools and educational equality. Through the lens of critical race theory, Valencia details why and how Mexican American parents and their children have been forced to resort to legal action. Chicano Students and the Courts engages the many areas that have spurred Mexican Americans to legal battle, including school segregation, financing, special education, bilingual education, school closures, undocumented students, higher education financing, and high-stakes testing, ultimately situating these legal efforts in the broader scope of the Mexican American community’s overall struggle for the right to an equal education. Extensively researched, and written by an author with firsthand experience in the courtroom as an expert witness in Mexican American education cases, this volume is the first to provide an in-depth understanding of the intersection of litigation and education vis-à-vis Mexican Americans.
"This book will provide an overall overview of the relationship between Mexican Americans and schooling in the U.S. The book addresses the major areas of the educational experience for Mexican Americans including K-12 schooling and higher education"--Provided by publisher.
This book examines the school failure and success of Chicano students from a wide variety of perspectives. It attempts to promote further understanding of what constitutes, maintains, and helps shape school failure among Chicano students, and to present research and policy agendas that may help to realize Chicano school success. Five sections address current realities of the Chicano schooling experience, language and classroom perspectives on Chicano achievement, cultural and familial perspectives on achievement, educational testing and special education issues, and the big picture and Chicano school failure. Chapters are: (1) "The Plight of Chicano Students: An Overview of Schooling Conditions and Outcomes" (Richard R. Valencia); (2) "Segregation, Desegregation, and Integration of Chicano Students: Problems and Prospects" (Ruben Donato, Martha Menchaca, Richard R. Valencia); (3) "Chicano Dropouts: A Review of Research and Policy Issues" (Russell W. Rumberger); (4) "Bilingualism, Second Language Acquisition, and the Education of Chicano Language Minority Students" (Eugene E. Garcia); (5) "Promoting School Success for Chicanos: The View from Inside the Bilingual Classroom" (Barbara J. Merino); (6) "From Failure to Success: The Roles of Culture and Cultural Conflict in the Academic Achievement of Chicano Students" (Henry T. Trueba); (7) "Cognitive Socialization and Competence: The Academic Development of Chicanos" (Luis M. Laosa, Ronald W. Henderson); (8) "The Uses and Abuses of Educational Testing: Chicanos as a Case in Point" (Richard R. Valencia, Sofia Aburto); (9) "An Analysis of Special Education as a Response to the Diminished Academic Achievement of Chicano Students" (Robert Rueda); (10) "Systemic and Institutional Factors in Chicano School Failure" (Arthur Pearl); and (11) "Conclusions: Towards Chicano School Success" (Richard R. Valencia). This book contains references in each chapter, 30 data tables and figures, notes on contributors, and author and subject indexes. (SV)
Chicanas/os are part of the youngest, largest, and fastest growing racial/ethnic "minority" population in the United States, yet at every schooling level, they suffer the lowest educational outcomes of any racial/ethnic group. Using a "counterstorytelling" methodology, Tara Yosso debunks racialized myths that blame the victims for these unequal educational outcomes and redirects our focus toward historical patterns of institutional neglect. She artfully interweaves empirical data and theoretical arguments with engaging narratives that expose and analyze racism as it functions to limit access and opportunity for Chicana/o students. By humanizing the need to transform our educational system, Yosso offers an accessible tool for teaching and learning about the problems and possibilities present along the Chicano/a educational pipeline.
This case study is appropriate for courses in Anthropology, Education, Chicano Studies, Ethnic Studies, and Urban Studies. Vigil's impressive case study explores the real life situations of both suburban and urban Mexican American high school students in 1974 and 1988. The author approaches the study qualitatively so the reader can better understand his subjects, but he also uses a quantitative approach for essential background information.