This book analyses recent reform trends of European health care systems. Using eight European countries case studies it connects policy reforms with a healthcare quadrilemma, and compares how well these systems perform in terms of economic efficiency, medical achievements, social inequalities, and responsiveness to patients and workers.
Author: Committee on Changing Health Care Systems and Rheumatic Disease
Publisher: National Academies Press
Market forces are driving a radical restructuring of health care delivery in the United States. At the same time, more and more people are living comparatively long lives with a variety of severe chronic health conditions. Many such people are concerned about the trend toward the creation of managed care systems because their need for frequent, often complex, medical services conflicts with managed care's desires to contain costs. The fear is that people with serious chronic disorders will be excluded from or underserved by the integrated health care delivery networks now emerging. Responding to a request from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, this book reflects the results of a workshop that focused on the following questions: Does the model of managed care or an integrated delivery system influence the types of interventions provided to patients with chronic conditions and the clinical and health status outcomes resulting from those interventions? If so, are these effects quantitatively and clinically significant, as compared to the effects that other variables (e.g., income, education, ethnicity) have on patient outcomes? If the type of health care delivery system appears to be related to patient care and outcomes, can specific organizational, financial, or other variables be identified that account for the relationships? If not, what type of research should be pursued to provide the information needed about the relationship between types of health care systems and the processes and outcomes of care provided to people with serious chronic conditions?
In a clear, cohesive format, this book provides a concise survey of the basic structures and operations of the U.S. health system from ists historical origins and resources, to its individual services, cost, and quality.
This book covers the fundamentals of IoT and healthcare systems for carrying out system architectures, protocols, wearable devices, and interoperability. It explores major challenges in artificial intelligence (AI) and smart computing in resource-constrained IoT-based applications along with cost, energy efficiency, and the availability of quality service. Healthcare Systems and Health Informatics: Using Internet of Things explores the role of AI and smart computing in health informatics and healthcare with an emphasis on clinical data management and analysis for precise prediction and prompt action. It presents cutting-edge tracking, monitoring, real-time assistance, and security for IoT in healthcare and broadly discusses wearable sensors and IoT devices and their role in smart living assistance. The book goes on to describe a system model and architecture for a clear picture of energy conservation–based IoT in healthcare and explains the challenges and opportunities with IoT-based healthcare industries. A study of the threats and impacts, along with the need for information security, is also included. The chapters are written by experts in the field, and this book provides a comprehensive description of the important aspects of IoT and health from a beginner- to advanced-level perspective and is ideal for researchers, academicians, students, persons in industry, technologists, and entrepreneurs.
Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Washington, D.C. : OECD Publications and Information Centre
Category: Cross-cultural studies
This collection of essays, by European and North American experts, reviews managerial tools and the philosophies underpinning the evolution of expenditure on health care. It also updates OECD health datafiles, first published in 1985