How are the economic policies which developing countries adopt selected and how do they change? Who are the key players in economic development policies? Professor Anil Hira answers these questions head on by suggesting new ways of looking at how ideas affect economic policy. Through concrete case studies of networks in Latin America, he analyzes how ideas are introduced and why certain ones "win out" in the economic policy process. The cohort groups who create economic policies are the key figures in this book. These characters are shown to extend beyond Latin America to countries as diverse as Indonesia and Egypt.
This important new text provides a clear, comprehensive, and accessible overview ofmajor economic issues facing Latin America today, including balance of payments problems, inflation,stabilization, poverty, inequality, and land reform. It captures trends and common issues and at thesame time illustrates the diversity of national experiences.Each chapter centers around an economicproblem from such new topics as debt to more enduring issues like poverty and agrarian reform - andpresents major economic theories on the causes and solutions to the problem. Complex equations andformulas are omitted; instead, the discussion focuses on the underlying logic of contending policyprescriptions. Cardoso and Helwege provide numerous cross-country examples and tables to demonstratehow individual countries are affected differently by economic trends or policies, gradually buildinga sense of the complexity of the Latin American economy and the policy implications behind economicsolutions. Chapters also include helpful summaries and ideas on what the future may hold.Bothauthors are at Tufts University. Eliana Cardoso is Associate Professor at the Fletcher School of Lawand Diplomacy and Ann Helwege is Assistant Professor in the Department of Urban and EnvironmentalPolicy.
"This volume contains the proceedings of the History of Political Economy conference held in the R. David Thomas Center at Duke University, 7-9 April 1995"--Page [ix]. Includes bibliographical references and index. Introduction / A.W. Coats -- Postwar changes in American graduate education in economics / William J. Barber -- The changing character of British economics / Roger E. Backhouse -- The Australian experience / Peter Groenewegen -- The professionalization of economics in India / S. Ambirajan -- The Americanization of economics in Korea / Young Back Choi -- The internationalization of economics in Japan / Aiko Ikeo -- The dissolution of the Swedish tradition / Bo Sandelin and Ann Veiderpass -- Italian economics through the postwar years / Pier Luigi Porta -- The professional and political impacts of the internationalization of economics in Brazil / Maria Rita Loureiro-- The contribution of the international monetary fund / Jacques J. Polak -- The World Bank as an international player in economic analysis / Barend A. de Vries -- The development of economic thought at the European community institutions / Ivo Maes -- Economists in political and policy elites in Latin America / Veronica Montecinos -- Good economics comes to Latin America, 1955-95 / Arnold C. Harberger -- The evolution of postwar doctrines in development economics / William Ascher -- The internationalization of economic policy reform: some recent literature / A.W. Coats -- Comments / Margaret Garritsen de Vries -- Comments / John Williamson -- Report of discussions / A.W. Coats.
This pioneering collection offers a comprehensive investigation into how to study public policy in Latin America. While this region exhibits many similarities with the North American and European countries that have traditionally served as sources for generating public policy knowledge, Latin American countries are also different in many fundamental ways. As such, existing policy concepts and frameworks may not always be the most effective tools of analysis for this unique region. To fill this gap, Comparative Public Policy in Latin America offers guidelines for refining current theories to suit Latin America's contemporary institutional and socio-economic realities. The contributors accomplish this task by identifying the features of the region that shape public policy, including informal norms and practices, social inequality, and weak institutions. This book promises to become the definitive work on contemporary public policy in Latin America, essential for those who study the area as well as comparative public policy more broadly.
Latin America represents one of the most dynamic business regions in the world. Innovation Support in Latin America and Europe explores the need for training innovation professionals, identifies appropriate strategies and best practice for ensuring its delivery, and reflects the outcomes of a major innovation and knowledge transfer project. Academics, business professionals, policy makers, and trade representatives, all contribute to review the literature and existing practices of innovation, and explore the often misunderstood and contested terrain that surrounds innovation theory, policy and practice. In this book you will find a comparative insight into Latin American and European approaches to innovation management and innovation in practice, and an examination of how innovative ideas are exploited for a specifically Latin American context. With chapters which offer insights from both academics and practitioners, the text offers a refreshing, contemporary and trans-national perspective and a clear, concise and enriching discussion on the interplay between research, policy and practice. Innovation Support in Latin America and Europe will appeal to academics and researchers, higher level students, policy makers and business leaders, particularly those with any interest in Latin America.
"This collection presents a more precise view of the risks and challenges that characterize the new economic era and advances a set of alternative economic policies to manage the open developing-country economies of the early twenty-first century. Ideas that have been absent from the reform agenda over the past two decades are recognized as critical in fostering the improved economic and social performance that liberalization has so far failed to produce."--Jacket.