Each disease-related chapter begins with a detailed description of the patient and the delineating symptoms used for establishing the diagnosis and differential diagnosis. The highly detailed figures illustrate the metabolic derangement in a uniform way, together with essential aspects of the genetics involved, thus affording clarification and better understanding of the treatment. Topics covered range from general aspects such as the clinical approach, emergency treatment, diagnostic procedures, and psychosocial care for the child and the family, to specific discussions of new modes of treatment, including liver, bone marrow transplantation and somatic gene therapy.
Being up to Date: Status Quo and Trends of Treatment For those involved in the identification and management of patients with inborn errors of metabolism, this book is now recognised as the standard textbook in this interdisciplinary field. It has proved to be indispensable for professionals in specialities ranging from pediatrics, neonatology, pathological biochemistry and genetics to neurology, internal medicine, nursing, dietetics and psychology. This 5th edition has been extensively revised and updated. What ́s new - Additional chapter focusing on inborn errors affecting adults, particularly the late neurological presentations - Numerous updates on diagnostic procedures and treatment - Newly discovered disorders. As with previous editions, the book opens with a section presenting the clinical approach to inborn metabolic diseases for those cases in which a diagnosis is being sought. This now includes a chapter on the clinical presentation of metabolic diseases in the older age range, using an analogous structure. If a particular diagnosis is already suspected, the reader may refer to the following sections of the book containing general chapters on diagnostic procedures and treatment, and on specific groups of disorders. As with earlier editions, the chapters have been written by authors who are internationally recognised experts on their subjects. They provide information in a clear, relevant and concise manner using a coherent structure.
The explosion of insights in the field of metabolic disease has shed new light on diagnostic as well as treatment options. ‘Inherited Metabolic Disease – A Clinical Approach’ is written with a reader-friendly consistent structure. It helps the reader to find the information in an easily accessible and rapid way when needed. Starting with an overview of the major groups of metabolic disorders it includes algorithms with questions and answers as well as numerous graphs, metabolic pathways, and an expanded index. Clinical and diagnostic details with a system and symptom based are given to facilitate an efficient and yet complete diagnostic work-up of individual patients. Further, it offers helpful advice for emergency situations, such as hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, lactic acidosis or acute encephalopathy. Five different indices allow a quick but complete orientation for common important constellations. Last but not least, it has an appendix with a guide to rapid differential diagnosis of signs and symptoms and when not to suspect metabolic disease. It will help physicians to diagnose patients they may otherwise fail to diagnose and to reduce unnecessary referrals. For metabolic and genetic specialists especially the indices will be helpful as a quick look when being called for advice. It has all it needs to become a gold standard defining the clinical practice in this field.
This clinical book facilitates the diagnosis of metabolic diseases. Each disease-related chapter begins with a detailed description of the patient and the delineating symptoms necessary for establishing the diagnosis and differential diagnosis. The metabolic derangement is described in great detail and illustrated in a uniform way, thus affording clarification and better understanding of the treatment. The topics covered range from the clinical approach to metabolic diseases, emergency treatment, diagnostic procedures, and psychosocial care for the child and the family to specific discussions of new modes of treatment, including liver, bone marrow transplantation and somatic gene therapy.
The disease or disorder that disrupts normal metabolism is known as a metabolic disease. It affects the procedure of conversion of food into energy on a cellular level. It also influences the ability of the cell to perform critical biochemical reactions that involve the processing of proteins, carbohydrates and starch. Metabolic diseases are typically hereditary. Some of the symptoms that can occur in metabolic disorders are lethargy, weight loss, jaundice and seizures. Tandem mass - spectrometry is a new technology that helps in the detection of multiple abnormal metabolites. However, gene therapy is successful in the treatment of some of these metabolic diseases. Screening of metabolic diseases in newborns can be done via blood tests, skin test and hearing tests. If the metabolic disease is detected at an early stage, it can be treated by nutrition management. This book provides comprehensive insights into the field of metabolic disease. It consists of contributions made by international experts. Researchers and students in this field will be assisted by this book.
This volume is an expansion on the known treatment model of IEMs, one that establishes an innovative pathway approach and provides a new authority on this family of disease. Alongside the standard cadre of molecular and clinical underpinnings, this book includes coverage of newborn screening and an overarching treatment of IEMs as complex diseases.
The study of inherited metabolic disease became a subject of more than academic interest in 1953 when Bickel, Gerrard and Hickmans dis covered that the totally disabling consequences of phenylketonuria could be prevented if treatment was instituted in the first months of life. This required the widespread screening of all newborn babies and 7 years later this had been successfully achieved in the United King dom. The next 10 years was a period of consolidation: screening methods were improved and extended to include other disorders; treatment of phenylketonuria was vastly improved with the stimulus of the increasing numbers of patients being detected, and research into new forms of therapy for some of the other disorders being detected has been initiated. The success of this scheme is illustrated by the remarkable achievement reported by the Phenylketonuria Registry referred to in the present volume. But at what cost has this progress been made? It is unnecessary to discuss the financial cost for many of the developments would not have been started if their economic value in the system of health care had not been unequivocally established.
The use of cultured cells in the clinical diagnosis of hereditary metabolic dis ease is a rapidly developing subject to which many different disciplines have brought their expertise and knowledge. A number of scientists who have in dividually contributed to the growth of the subject gave invited papers at the Fourteenth Symposium of the Society for the Study of Inborn Errors of Metabolism in the University of Edinburgh on 13-16th July, 1976. These papers form the basis of this monograph which brings together contributions from the basic sciences and from physicians concerned primarily with human disease. The cross-fertilization produced by this interdisciplinary communica tion was invaluable to those trying to understand and overcome diagnostic problems posed by hereditary metabolic disease. Cell culture methods and cell preservation techniques were described by D. G. Harnden and D. E. Pegg; Dr T. Elsdale outlined some of the factors which control in vitro cell growth and division. Cell culture methods and cryopreser vation techniques have allowed the wide distribution of biochemically abnor mal cells and their study over long periods of time. It is also evident that when a defect which produces severe metabolic disorder in man can be studied in the laboratory using isolated cell cultures a wide variety of investigative procedures can be focused on to the cellular defect without distress or discomfort to the patient or relatives.
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This classical textbook has become indispensable for those in the front line dealing with metabolic disorders. The book is aimed at all those involved with this specialty including pediatricians, biochemists, dieticians, neurologists, internists, geneticists, psychologists, nurses, and social workers. This 4th edition has been thoroughly updated and revised. One new chapter on Neonatal screening by tandem MS/MS has been added and several new groups of disorders have been included. The book’s main feature is the strong emphasis on clinical presentation and treatment in acute and chronic situation.