145,000 words, phrases, and meanings with 85,500 examples showing how words are used 3,000 keyword entries marked, showing the Oxford 3000TM - the most important words to know in English All words on the Academic Word List marked 64 Reference pages including a 26-page Oxford WritingTutor, information on punctuation, irregular verbs, geographical names, and more. 1,000+ colour illustrations make it easy to understand more difficult words. Note boxes with extra help throughout the dictionary - thesaurus, topic collocations, Academic Word List collocations, word families The Oxford iWriter on the CD-ROM shows students how to plan, write and check their written work, and also includes the full A-Z dictionary, spoken words, 'record your own voice' facility, Topic Dictionary and searchable Picture Dictionary, plus a pop-up Genie that looks up words when you are working in Word, in e-mails or on the Internet.
This is the world's bestselling advanced learner's dictionary, recommended by learners of English and their teachers, and used by 30 million people. It has more words and more help with British and American English than any other advanced learner's dictionary. It is the only advanced learner's dictionary to list the most important words you need to know in English : the Oxford 3000. It has the Compass CD-ROM which gives you more than any other dictionary CD-ROM : Everything that's in this 7th edition, everything in the Oxford Learner's Wordfinder Dictionary and the Oxford Guide to British and American Culture, information on 20,000 word origins. What you'll find in this 7th edition : 183,500 British and American words, phrases and meanings ; 85,000 example sentences ; 2,000 new words (bird flu, file coach, offshoring) ; 7,000 synonyms and opposites ; 5,000 study words from the sciences, literature, computing and business ; 700 World English words (stickybeak, godown, indaba) ; 2,600 cultural words (Walter Mitty, Forth Bridge, Capital Hill) ; 2,000 words illustrated ; 32 pages of colour illustrations ; 96 study pages (essay writing, mails, quick grammar reference). This dictionary is based on the British National Corpus, the Oxford Corpus Collection and the Oxford Reading Programme for language research.
The Oxford Learner's Dictionary of Academic English helps students learn the words and phrases used in academic writing, and how to use them in their own academic written work. With Oxford Academic iWriter on CD-ROM.
The Bloomsbury Companion to Lexicography offers the definitive guide to a key area of linguistic study. Each companion is a comprehensive reference resource featuring an overview of key topics, research areas, new directions and a manageable guide to beginning or developing research in the field. Lexicography, as the practice of compiling dictionaries, has a long tradition that has been, for much of the time, largely independent of linguistics. The direct influence of linguistics on lexicography goes back around 50 years, though longer in the case of learners' dictionaries. The present volume aims to reflect on the research that has been and is being done in lexicography and to point the way forward. It tackles, among other topics, the critique of dictionaries in the electronic medium, the future of historical lexicography in the electronic mode with special reference to the online Oxford English Dictionary, and e-lexicography in general.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Linguistik, Note: 1,7, Universität Bayreuth, Veranstaltung: Proseminar Lexicography, 4 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Learner’s Dictionaries are only about half a century old. Back in the 1930’s a need for better language teaching tools developed. A.S. Hornby worked out the first major general-purpose dictionary of this kind in 1942, which was first called the Idiomatic and Syntactic Dictionary of English, later on in 1948 A Learner’s Dictionary of Current English and was at last published in 1952 as The Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. The the was replaced from the third edition on by Oxford and the dictionary is now known as the OALD. In 1978 Longman developed a more innovative Learner’s Dictionary: the Dictionary of Contemporary English (LDOCE). In contrast to the OALD the LDOCE only used a defining vocabulary of 2000 words that were listed at its back. Furthermore it explained more modern words for example current idioms, slang and colloquialisms. The only disadvantage of this dictionary was the “over-complex system of grammatical codes” (see Robert Allen 1996, p.41), which was improved in the second edition from 1987 and the third edition, published in 1995.
A definitive guide to the long tradition of lexicography, this handbook is a rigorous and systematic overview of the field and its recent developments. Featuring key topics, research areas, new directions and a manageable guide to beginning and developing research in the field, this one-volume reference provides both a survey of current research and more practical guidance for advanced study. Fully updated and revised to take account of recent developments, in particular innovations in digital technology and online lexicography, this second edition features: - 6 new chapters, covering metalexicography, lexicography for Asian languages, lexicography for endangered and minority languages, onomasiological lexicography, collaborative lexicography, and internet dictionaries - Thoroughly revised chapters on learner dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries and future directions, alongside a significantly updated third part on 'New Directions in Lexicography', accounting for innovations in digital lexicography - An expanded glossary of key terms and an updated annotated bibliography Identifying and describing the central concepts associated with lexicography and its main branches of study, The Bloomsbury Handbook of Lexicography demonstrates the direct influence of linguistics on the development of the field and is an essential resource for anyone interested in this area.
This revised and updated sixth edition of Reference and Information Services continues the book's rich tradition, covering all phases of reference and information services with less emphasis on print and more emphasis on strategies and scenarios. Reference and Information Services is the go-to textbook for MSLIS and i-School courses on reference services and related topics. It is also a helpful handbook for practitioners. Authors include LIS faculty and professionals who have relevant degrees in their areas and who have published extensively on their topics. The first half of the book provides an overview of reference services and techniques for service provision, including the reference interview, ethics, instruction, evaluation and assessment, and services to diverse populations including children. This part of the book establishes a foundation of knowledge on reference service and frames each topic with ethical and social justice perspectives. The second part of the book offers an overview of the information life cycle and dissemination of information, followed by an in-depth examination of information sources by type-including dictionaries, encyclopedias, indexes, and abstracts-as well as by broad subject areas including government, statistics and data, health, and legal information. This second part introduces the tools and resources that reference professionals use to provide the services described in the first half of the text. Reference and Information Services is a recognized textbook for information retrieval courses and updates the previous edition Editors and contributors are experts in the field Activity boxes engage readers and invite them to reflect on what they are learning and practice skills through real-life exercises Conscious integration of critical theory and social justice perspectives offers critical reflection on the standards and practices of the field and encourages readers to consider alternate perspectives
The importance of teaching and assessing vocabulary -- A new perspective for thinking about vocabulary -- Surveying the state of vocabulary assessment -- Which words and word meanings should we teach and assess? -- How should we assess vocabulary? -- Classroom practices for vocabulary instruction -- The role of technology to support adaptive, flexible, and scalable assessments -- Resources for developing a nation of word learners
The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography provides a comprehensive overview of the major approaches to lexicography and their applications within the field. This Handbook features key case studies and cutting-edge contributions from an international range of practitioners, teachers, and researchers. Analysing the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries within the digital era, the 47 chapters address the core issues of: The foundations of lexicography, and its interactions with other disciplines including Corpus Linguistics and Information Science; Types of dictionaries, for purposes such as translation and teaching; Innovative specialised dictionaries such as the Oenolex wine dictionary and the Online Dictionary of New Zealand Sign Language; Lexicography and world languages, including Arabic, Hindi, Russian, Chinese, and Indonesian; The future of lexicography, including the use of the Internet, user participation, and dictionary portals. The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography is essential reading for researchers and students working in this area.
The 9th edition of the Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's Dictionary has been revised and updated to include detailed coverage of today's English in a clear, attractive format. Ideal for upper intermediate and advanced learners of English, this dictionary covers all the words, phrases and idioms that students need to master in order to speak and write effective English. Thousands of updated examples taken from the 4.5- billion word Collins Corpus, show learners how the words are used in authentic contexts. The dictionary offers extensive help with grammar through the inclusion of grammar patterns at examples, plus a new supplement to help with academic and business grammar. Additional information is provided throughout to help learners improve their knowledge of collocation, etymology and synonymy. Informative and relevant vocabulary panels show how words are used in a range of everyday contexts. In addition, this dictionary offers learners guidance on how to communicate effectively in English. The Language in Use supplement provides a wealth of invaluable information on how to write and speak English for different purposes using the appropriate language, style, and tone. Resources and activities to help learners make the most of the dictionary are available for free online. The Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's Dictionary provides invaluable and detailed guidance on the English language, and is the complete reference tool for learners of English.