Up to 12 synonyms given for each of 5,000 key words Different terms are clearly marked, for example, British/American, formal/informal, approving or disapproving 100s of notes help identify the exact differences between pairs of synonyms Patterns and collocations help learners use the synonyms in context
This book describes and evaluates the usefulness of a recently developed lexicographical hybrid: the encyclopedic learner's dictionary (ELD). First, the ELD is analysed from a typological perspective. Two encyclopedic learners' dictionaries are dissected and compared, and a checklist of ELD design features is drawn up. A survey of previous user-based studies is then provided, followed by a description of the questionnaire-based methodology used in this user-centred investigation. Next, a critical analysis of each ELD design feature is provided. Finally, the implications of this research for the future production of ELDs are presented as a checklist of recommendations.
The highly acclaimed Oxford-Duden German Dictionary provides authoritative, comprehensive, and up-to-date coverage of modern English and German. The text has been designed to meet the needs of both English and German speakers, whether they wish to write or speak the foreign language ortranslate from it. This revised edition includes a full supplement detailing the changes to the German spelling system ratified in 1996. Over 260,000 words and phrases and 450,000 translations Comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the general vocabulary of contemporary German and English Hundreds of example sentences showing words in use Extensive guidance on the selection of the correct translation Explanation of terms for which cultural or other differences prevent an exact translation Coverage of British and American English, and the German of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland Detailed grammatical information, including irregular plurals and past tenses Helpful appendices on a wide variety of subjects including: grammar, numerical expressions, weights and measures, and a letter-writing guide
This dictionary contains more than 24,000 entries, related phrases, idioms, derivatives and words with irregular forms, and more than 200 illustrations. Like our other Bilingual Dictionaries, this has been specially compiled for learners of English, teachers, translators and general readers. - The dictionary provides 2,000 key words that are the most important words to know in English, 1,100 synonyms and antonyms and 13,000 example sentences. - Words like 'google, 'microblogging, 'youth club', 'WalkmanTM, 'webcam', and many more have been taken from current usage of English. - The English base of the dictionary, taken from the Oxford Essential Dictionary, has been adapted for Indian readers. - To make the dictionary more user-friendly detailed definitions and one-word equivalents in Telugu have been included for words that needed to be explained further for example, 'cafeteria', 'calendar', 'microscope' and 'the World Wide Web'. - Words like 'alarm clock, 'call centre', and 'shopping centre', which do not have equivalent Telugu words, have been explained by detailed definitions. - Many words such as 'computer', 'multiplex' and 'software' have been written out in Telugu to show that such words have now been included in the language. - The Telugu translation is simple and reflects the current usage of the language. - A pronunciation guide using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is given for help in pronunciation.
This book is concerned with bilingual thematic dictionaries (BTDs). The three chief aims of the research project are: 1) to identify the characteristic features of the bilingual thematic dictionary, 2) to gauge its usefulness, and 3) to make suggestions as to how it could be improved. Various approaches are adopted in order to reveal the nature of the BTD. The typological approach considers the lexicographic genres (bilingual, thematic, and pedagogical) which have been combined to create this hybrid reference work. Particular attention is paid to the BTD's immediate forerunner and closest lexicographic relative: the monolingual thematic learner's dictionary. Detailed textual analyses of contemporary thematic dictionaries identify the characteristic features of the macrostructure, microstructure, and other components from a structural perspective. In order to evaluate the usefulness of the BTD features identified, the textual analyses are supplemented by three pieces of user research involving a questionnaire (to elicit learners' opinions), a test (on the effectiveness of the access structure), and an experiment (to discover how a learner uses a BTD).
The Collins German Dictionary & Grammar is an up-to-date dictionary and a user-friendly grammar guide in one handy volume. Colour headwords, cultural notes, a section on translation problems and now including all the changes from the 2006 German Spelling Reform, the Collins German Dictionary & Grammar is the ideal book for intermediate learners.
This book contains a collection of original research articles on lexicography written by prominent international scholars within the field. It aims at describing the state-of-the-art in lexicography at the beginning of the 21st century and at making proposals for future theoretical and practical work in the field. Theoretical lexicography currently has two competing theories: a contemplative theory focusing on the description of existing dictionaries on the basis of linguistic principles, and a function-based, transformative theory focusing on the dictionary and the user in order to develop new principles for dictionary research and dictionary making. Research in lexicography has now reached a crossroads and it is time to take stock of the present situation and try to identify the theories and principles that will set the agenda and point the direction for future lexicographic research and the production of printed and electronic dictionaries.
A fully updated edition of the best-selling Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary. It includes up-to-date vocabulary, clear definitions, hundreds of pictures and illustrations, and a new 'Focus on Writing' section. Informed by the Cambridge International Corpus and correlated to English Vocabulary Profile, it is ideal for exam preparation and also features 'Common mistake' boxes, to help learners avoid typical mistakes.