For students ready to advance in their study of metals, Physical Metallurgy combines theoretical concepts, real alloy systems, processing procedures, and examples of real-world applications. The author uses his experience in teaching physical metallurgy at the University of Michigan to convey this topic with greater depth and detail than most introductory materials courses offer. The book follows its introduction of metals with topics that are common to all metals, including solidification, diffusion, surfaces, solid solutions, intermediate phases, dislocations, annealing, and phase transformations. Other chapters focus on specific nonferrous alloy systems and their significant metallurgical properties and applications, the treatment of steels includes separate chapters on iron-carbon alloys, hardening, tempering and surface treatment, special steels and low carbon sheet steel, followed by a separate chapter on cast irons. Concluding chapters treat powder metallurgy, corrosion, welding and magnetic alloys. There are appendices on microstructural analysis, stereographic projection, and the Miller-Bravais system for hexagonal crystals. These chapters cover ternary phase diagrams, diffusion in multiphase systems, the thermodynamic basis for phase diagrams, stacking faults and hydrogen embrittlement. Physical Metallurgy uses engaging historical and contemporary examples that relate to the applications of concepts in each chapter. With ample references and sample problems throughout, this text is a superb tool for any advanced materials science course.
The sixth edition of Modern Physical Metallurgy provides a comprehensive overview of the structure of matter, the physical properties of materials and their mechanical behaviour and some of the most recent advances in physical metallurgy.
This fifth edition of the highly regarded family of titles that first published in 1965 is now a three-volume set and over 3,000 pages. All chapters have been revised and expanded, either by the fourth edition authors alone or jointly with new co-authors. Chapters have been added on the physical metallurgy of light alloys, the physical metallurgy of titanium alloys, atom probe field ion microscopy, computational metallurgy, and orientational imaging microscopy. The books incorporate the latest experimental research results and theoretical insights. Several thousand citations to the research and review literature are included. Exhaustively synthesizes the pertinent, contemporary developments within physical metallurgy so scientists have authoritative information at their fingertips Replaces existing articles and monographs with a single, complete solution Enables metallurgists to predict changes and create novel alloys and processes
Physical Metallurgy elucidates the microstructure, transformation and properties of metallic materials by means of solid state physics and chemical thermodynamics. Experimental methods of physical metallurgy are also treated. This third edition includes new sections on the permeation of hydrogen in metals, the Landau theory of martensitic transformation, and order hardening and plasticity of intermetallics. Numerous other sections have been brought up to date in the light of new developments (e.g. scanning tunnelling microscopy, CALPHAD-method, diffusion in glasses, DIGM, recrystallisation). New artwork and references have also been added. Professor Haasen's clear and concise coverage of a remarkably wide range of topics will appeal both to physics students at the threshold of their metallurgical careers, and to metallurgists who are interested in the physical foundation of their field.
This compact overview on physical metallurgy provides a detailed coverage of phase equilibria and phase transformations in metals and alloys. It presents the broad range of topics from processes of crystallization and diffusion mechanisms to plastic deformations and structural transformations especially in iron alloys and steels. As an introductory work it is valuable to Material Scientists and Engineers.
The principal reasons which induced the authors to write this book and the features of the book are set forth in the preface to the Russian edition. That section of the science of metals which in Russian is called "metallovedenie" or the "physical chemistry of metals" is generally referred to in scientific and technical literature published in the English language by the term "physical metallurgy." These concepts are much broader than the term" metallography," used in the scientific and technical literature of various countries, and applied solely to research on the interrelationships of the structure and proper ties of metals and alloys. Each science must have its own subject and its own method of research. Certainly, all specialists will agree that metals and alloys, including their solid solutions, mechanical mix tures, and metallic compounds, form the subject of "physical metallurgy" or "physical chemis try of metals." The aim of this science. is to produce a theory and to elucidate the experimental relationships which ought finally to make it possible to calculate quantitatively alloys Of given properties for any working conditions and parameters.
This report summarizes the recent work done to more fully understand the physical metallurgy of beryllium. A review of work on purification of beryllium, which has yielded high-quality single crystals, was made. The basic deformation properties of beryllium have thus been more clearly defined. The effects of certain alloying elements and impurities are also discussed. Deformation modes in polycrystalline beryllium are discussed based on the results of studies of single crystals. The texture developed in polycrystalline beryllium by fabrication and resulting effects on mechanical properties are dealt with, as well as fracture modes in single-crystal and polycrystalline beryllium. Bend-plane splitting is the method suggested for initiation of fracture in beryllium. Some effects of the distribution of impurities as a result of thermal treatment on the mechanical properties are cited. Since grain size is an important factor in determining properties, recrystallization and grain-growth phenomena are covered. The physical-metallurgical phenomena which contribute to the properties and fabricability of commercial products are discussed. (Author).
Modern Physical Metallurgy, Fourth Edition discusses the fundamentals and applications of physical metallurgy. The book is comprised of 15 chapters that cover the experimental background of a metallurgical phenomenon. The text first talks about the structure of atoms and crystals, and then proceeds to dealing with the physical examination of metals and alloys. The third chapter tackles the phase diagrams and solidifications, while the fourth chapter covers the thermodynamics of crystals. Next, the book discusses the structure of alloys. The next four chapters deal with the deformations and defects of crystals, metals, and alloys. Chapter 10 discusses work hardening and annealing, while Chapters 11 and 12 cover phase transformations. The succeeding two chapters talk about creep, fatigue, and fracture, while the last chapter covers oxidation and corrosion. The text will be of great use to undergraduate students of materials engineering and other degrees that deal with metallurgical properties.
This new book covers all aspects of the history, physical metallurgy, corrosion behavior, cost factors and current and potential uses of titanium. The history of titanium is traced from its early beginnings through the work of Kroll, to the present day broadening market place. Extensive detail on extraction processes is discussed, as well as the various beta to alpha transformations and details of the powder metallurgy techniques.
This textbook focuses on cast irons, the second material in production and consumption after steel. The authors describe the Fe-C stable and metastable diagrams from the physical-chemical metallurgy point of view. The main properties of cast irons are presented and justified for all kinds of cast irons: low cost, excellent castability, mechanical properties depending on the graphite morphology (gray irons) and high wear resistance (white irons). The physical metallurgy of highly alloyed cast irons is also described, particularly that one of those used as a consequence of their abrasion, corrosion and heat resistance. The book presents exercises, problems and cases studies, with different sections dedicated to the molding practice. The book finishes with the production cast irons in the cupola furnace. This concise textbook is particularly of interest for students and engineers that work in industries related to cast irons.