This timely book examines the role played by regional authorities in the EU in the transition towards renewable energy. Drawing on both academia and practice, the expert contributors explore some of the key legal questions that have emerged along the e
The EU has embarked upon a fundamental change in the direction of its energy policy, with the agreement by the European Council of the 20-20-20 targets, all by 2020. The new legislative framework presently being finalized to put this in practice will have profound effects on all those active in the energy industry. Achieving a 20% share of renewables in the EU's energy mix will require massive investments and an increase by roughly ten times the level of wind and solar energy presently installed in Europe today. This all creates huge challenges and opportunities for EU businesses. A full understanding of support schemes, obligations, and planning requirements is vital for both the industry and its advisors. This volume provides a complete working guide to the new EU legislation. It includes: the economic, environmental, and energy security rationale underpinning the new proposals * national renewable targets, levels, and enforcements mechanism * the trading of renewable energy credits and guarantees of origin * biofuels: obligations, sustainability, and the Fuel Quality Directive * grid access rules/priority access in practice * the EU's electricity grid: how will it need to evolve to incorporate the new renewable electricity.
The law of renewable energies has always been subject to change. In an inspiring workshop, European energy experts exchanged their ideas on the limits of national support schemes recently defined by the ECJ and by the European Commission.
This second edition's core objective is to provide a complete overview of the relevance of renewable energy in all EU Member States and the developments in these countries over time. To give an even broader perspective, contributions focused on some non-EU countries - like the US, Switzerland, and China - are also included. Not only are development plans and requirements by the State and other authorities included in this volume, but it also includes: legislative requirements for renewable energy * support mechanisms * grid access rules * grid code * supervision of the renewable energy sector * overview of planning * construction and operation * use of specific structural and cohesion funds for renewable energy project development.
The discussion about energy perspectives beyond 2020, up to 2030 and eventually 2050 has started. There seems to be a verbal consensus on the necessity of ambitious climate change mitigation policies, without a convincing perspective of the necessary policy decisions to be reached in due time. Methods to achieve greenhouse gas reduction as well as
EU energy law and policy have become more and more complex in recent years. Today these areas feature a multitude of layers concerning not only regulation of the power industry, but also security of energy supply, climate change, consumer needs and technical innovation. This textbook serves as an introduction to this distinctive field. For readers without much experience with the EU, the author provides a separate chapter which outlines the institutional structure and functioning of the European Union in the field of energy policy. Tables of key court decisions and key legislation, review questions and further reading lists ultimately help to give readers a lasting impression of one of the most vibrant fields of EU law and policy.
Présentation de l'éditeur : "Renewable Energy has become a game changer in Europe and on the national energy markets. It has started from fairly low participation in the market in the last decade of the last century, mostly driven by traditional hydro and some biomass use, becoming the big winner in new capacity in Europe and worldwide as of to date. Nowadays, access of renewables to the market is being organized differently in the EU 28 Member States with some established patterns such as priority gird access and a majority of countries having used various feed-in mechanisms now, steered by the Directorate General for Competition of the EU Commission towards auctioning systems. We have seen progress and roll-back, legal and investor certainty or the opposite. More and more it is no longer so much about market access of renewables but about a new market design. Incumbent Energy production becomes the obstacle for system change. The coming decade until 2030 will have further barriers to jump but the pathway towards sustainability is set, with different speed restrictions in the various Member States. A look over the big pond to the United States gives further fruitful insight. This new book Volume III - Renewable Energy in the Member States of the EU focuses from a broad perspective on the latest development in the EU Member States in the renewable energy sector as well as on energy efficiency. It also describes energy market legislation with a special focus on market design and system integration including support mechanisms, grid access, licensing, planning, auto production, interconnection, network planning and security of supply. It also elaborates on structural fund use within this sector."
This book provides insight into some of the most significant issues presented at the Florence School of Regulation and Hellenic Energy Regulation Institute's 2016 joint conference on European energy law and policy. The conference brought together over 200 experts, including scholars, leading academics in EU law, and key representatives from industry and energy institutions, alongside over 13,000 online viewers. The purpose of the conference was to provide a comprehensive analysis of the current status of the European and Greek energy sector, and the issues it faces, from both a legal and economic perspective. The discussions included: an assessment of the low carbon challenges for Europe; the future of renewable energy systems and support mechanisms; electricity market design; and the current regulatory framework of the gas and electricity markets in Greece. Alongside these topics were in-depth analyses of the various complex issues surrounding cross-border gas construction projects, exploring inter-governmental agreements, and whether EU law can be applied to third countries. Finally, the discussions turned to the future role of Distribution System Operators, both in their function as independent supervisors of the electricity market and their evolving relationship with the Transmission System Operators. (Series: European Energy Studies, Vol. 12) [Subject: European Law, EU Law, Energy Law & Policy, Greek Law]
This authoritative Research Handbook presents, for the first time, a comprehensive overview of the most important research and latest trends in EU energy law and policy. It offers high-quality original contributions that provide state-of-the-art research in this rapidly evolving area, situated in the broader context of international economic law and governance.
Introduction : development of EU energy law and policy -- The vertical division of competences between the European Union and its member states in the energy sector -- Sector-specific regulation of the energy market : background and general overview -- Applying EU competition law to the energy markets -- Treaty freedoms and EU energy markets -- State aid in the energy sector -- Sustainable development and EU energy law -- External elements of EU energy law -- Cross-cutting issues : examples of areas where energy law and policy interact with other EU policies -- Conclusion
Diploma Thesis from the year 2020 in the subject Politics - Region: Western Europe, grade: 2, University of Vienna (Institut für Europarecht, Internationales Recht und Rechtsvergleichung), language: English, abstract: This paper illuminates the relevance of European Union (EU) Energy Law and the responsibilities of States, companies and energy regulators in the EU. This relevance will be mainly in the light of EU regulations and packages, but also international Conventions applying to European actors will be tackled in this paper. First of all, the beginnings of the EU and why energy, especially coal and steel, played such a massive role from the very first start, will be pointed out. Secondly, the legal bases of EU Energy Law in force nowadays will be discussed and explained. Moreover, Energy Law is one of the rare areas where law, economy, politics, and more and more ecological affairs are rearranging the system. Thus, it will be referred to as the growing link between Energy law and Environmental policies and concerns. Last but not least, attention will be drawn to the fact that many European Energy Companies operate outside of the EU for the exploitation of resources and how accountability is triggered on the territory of the European Union in the case of an accident happening outside of Europe. Therefore, the case of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill as the responsible company Beyond Petroleum (BP) is a British multinational business, with headquarters in London, will be briefly examined. To a greater extent, the primary intention of this paper is to generate a broader understanding of EU Energy Law and the necessity to secure and regulate it in order to safeguard our environment in a future of renewable energy sources.