This book explores the notion of software literacy, a key part of digital literacy which all contemporary students and citizens need to understand. Software literacy involves a critical understanding of how the affordances and conceptual approaches of everything from operating systems, creative apps and media editors, to software-based platforms and infrastructures work to inform and shape the ways we think and act. As a cultural artefact, programing code plays a role in reproducing, reinforcing, and augmenting existing cultural practices, as well as generating completely new coded practices. A proposed three-tier framework for software literacy is the focus for a two-year empirical investigation into how tertiary students become more literate about the nature and implications of software they encounter as part of their tertiary studies. Two case studies of software learning and use in university-level engineering and screen & media studies courses are presented, investigating the mapping of students’ trajectory of the learning of desktop applications against this framework for software literacy. Though the book’s focus is primarily educational, its content also has implications for any field that makes use of software and information & communication technology systems and applications. As such, the book will be of interest to all readers whose work involves the challenges and opportunities presented by software-based teaching and learning; and to those interested in how software impacts the workplace and leisure activities that make up our day-to-day lives.
Today's workplace demands skills for a knowledgeable, productive use of information. Success, both personal and organizational, comes from finding what is essential and optimizing its effectiveness. Goad teaches readers how to swim in a potentially overwhelming sea of data. This easy-to-read, lucid guide attends to basic skills, thinking and decision-making, creativity enhancement, innovation and risk taking, computer literacy, subject matter literacy, learning how to learn, and securement of on-the-job help.
While most children learn to read fairly well, there remain many young Americans whose futures are imperiled because they do not read well enough to meet the demands of our competitive, technology-driven society. This book explores the problem within the context of social, historical, cultural, and biological factors. Recommendations address the identification of groups of children at risk, effective instruction for the preschool and early grades, effective approaches to dialects and bilingualism, the importance of these findings for the professional development of teachers, and gaps that remain in our understanding of how children learn to read. Implications for parents, teachers, schools, communities, the media, and government at all levels are discussed. The book examines the epidemiology of reading problems and introduces the concepts used by experts in the field. In a clear and readable narrative, word identification, comprehension, and other processes in normal reading development are discussed. Against the background of normal progress, Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children examines factors that put children at risk of poor reading. It explores in detail how literacy can be fostered from birth through kindergarten and the primary grades, including evaluation of philosophies, systems, and materials commonly used to teach reading.
This four-volume collection reprints key debates about exactly what it means to be literate and how literacy can best be taught. Rather than centering on the emotional reaction of mass media debates, this set focuses on research findings into processes and pedagogy. The themes covered include Literacy : its nature and its teaching, Reading - processes and teaching, Writing - processes and teaching and New Literacies - the impact of technologies.
The revitalisation of audience studies is not only about new approaches and methods; it entails a crossing of disciplines and a bridging of long-established boundaries in the field. The aim of this volume is to capture the boundary-crossing processes that have begun to emerge across the discipline in the form of innovative, interdisciplinary interventions in the audience research agenda. Contributions to this volume seek to further this process though innovative, audience-oriented perspectives that firmly anchor media engagement within the diversity of contexts and purposes to which people incorporate media in their daily lives, in ways often unanticipated by industries and professionals.
The Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) measures students' progress towards reading. EGRA gauges early literacy skills through a 15-minute individual oral assessment of five fundamental reading skills. RTI worked with education experts to develop the EGRA in 2006, and it has been piloted and implemented in more than 40 countries. This volume aims to take stock of the substantial amount of information and experience generated through the use of EGRA, and to share this knowledge with practitioners, policymakers, and international donors. Chapters cover not only particular applications of the instrument but also put EGRA in the context of broader issues and developments in literacy and education.
This is a fresh and practical approach to examining the way in which creative arts can be used in the classroom to enhance the learning of literacy in the primary school. It includes case studies and activities that clarify the role of creativity in the literacy teaching and advises how to help develop teaching skills. This is a must-have text for teachers who seek to make literacy learning interesting and fun.
Learn twenty software reading techniques to enhance your effectiveness in reviewing and inspecting software artifacts such as requirements specifications, designs, code files, and usability. Software review and inspection is the best practice in software development that detects and fixes problems early. Software professionals are trained to write software but not read and analyze software written by peers. As a result, individual reading skills vary widely. Because the effectiveness of software review and inspection is highly dependent on individual reading skills, differential outcomes among software readers vary by a factor of ten. Software Reading Techniques is designed to close that gap. Dr Yang‐Ming Zhu’s depth of experience as a software architect, team leader, and scientist make him singularly well-equipped to bring you up to speed on all the techniques and tips for optimizing the effectiveness and efficiency of your software review and inspection skills. What You'll Learn: Improve software review, inspection procedures, and reading skills Study traditional and modern advanced reading techniques applicable to software artifacts Master specific reading techniques for software requirements specification, software design, and code Who This Book Is For: Software professionals and software engineering students and researchers
Identifying failure modes and their effects is critical to software failure mode and effects analysis and it largely depends on the analysts’ experience and the skill. This book develops a series of reading techniques based on common and prioritized failure modes in software requirements, software design, coding, and usability in order to makes the benefits of software failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) readily accessible to general software practitioners, particularly in small teams and resource-constrained organizations. After a general introduction it offers an overview of software FMEA and discusses software review procedures and software reading techniques. Subsequent chapters present the basic ideas behind failure-modes-based reading techniques and examine the use of these techniques for software requirements, software design, software coding, software usability, and software testing. Covering the entire creation process, and including checklists and examples, it provides an easy introduction to the topic for professionals in software engineering and quality assurance.
`Very accessible - not too technical or jargon-ridden. The practical suggestions were useful too - if professionals feel inspired to promote change in their practice and policy it is helpful to have suggestions on where to start and what to do' - Management in Education Few primary teachers have a chance to find out in detail what children have already learnt, and continue to learn, about literacy at home with their parents. This book gives a clear demonstration of literacy learning that takes place at home, and how it differs from, as well as relates to, literacy at school. It will help teachers to increase their understanding of this process and to build on their relationship with parents. Such unde