Contains summaries of the knowledge regarding the effects of 128 road safety measures. This title covers various areas of road safety including: traffic control; vehicle inspection; driver training; publicity campaigns; police enforcement; and, general policy instruments. It also covers topics such as post-accident care, and speed cameras.
Road safety can be improved. This book tells you how to do it. It is a catalogue of more than 100 road safety measures whose effect have been evaluated and quantified in studies made all over the world. The results of more than 1,700 road safety evaluation studies are summarised in this book. It covers the whole spectrum of road safety measures, ranging from highway engineering and traffic control, through vehicle design, driver training, public information campaigns and police enforcement. - An unprecedented breadth of coverage - State of the art information - A systematic and easy to use reference manual
This report of the International Transport Forum's Cycling Safety Working Group monitors international trends in cycling, safety and policy, and explores options that may help decision makers design safe environments for cycling.
This open access handbook provides a comprehensive treatment of Vision Zero, an innovative policy on public road safety developed in Sweden. Covering all the major topics of the subject, the book starts out with a thorough examination of the philosophy, ideas and principles behind Vision Zero. It looks at conditions for the effectiveness of the policy, principles of safety and responsibility as well as critique on the policy. Next, the handbook focuses on how the Vision Zero ideas have been received and implemented in various legislations and countries worldwide. It takes into account the way Vision Zero is looked at in the context of international organizations such as the WHO, the UN, and the OECD. This allows for a comparison of systems, models and effects. The third part of the handbook discusses the management and leadership aspects, including ISO standards, equity issues, other goals for traffic and transportation, and opportunities for the car industry. Part four delves into tools, technologies and organizational measures that contribute to the implementation of Vision Zero in road traffic. Examples of specific elements discussed are urban and rural road designs, human factor designs, and avoiding drunk and distracted driving. The final part of the handbook offers perspectives on the transfer of Vision Zero policy to other areas, ranging from air traffic to suicide prevention and nuclear energy. Vision Zero is a public road safety policy including both a long-term goal that no one shall be killed or seriously injured as a consequence of accidents in road traffic and a safety principle stating that the design and function of the road transport system shall be adapted to meet the requirements that follow from that goal. It is a new road safety paradigm which has resulted in new types of responsibilities among stakeholders, technological innovations, and new strategies and organizational measures to achieve a safe system. The road safety work based on Vision Zero has shown promising results, and although Sweden has not yet reached a safe system, the number of fatalities and severe injuries has decreased substantially. This is an open access book.
"The goal of SUPREME was to collect, analyse, summarise and publish best practices in road safety in the Member States of the European Union, as well as in Switzerland and Norway. This document is a collection of best practices at national scale and aims to present the project's results to national/regional policy and decision makers across Europe, thereby encouraging the adoption of successful road safety strategies and measures."--Editor.
Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publisher: Organization for Economic
Category: Business & Economics
The Russian Federation has the highest road death rate of all ECMT member countries and contributes one third of all road deaths in these countries. In addition to the high toll of human suffering, the socio-economic cost of crashes is officially estimated at 2.5 per cent of GDP. This report finds that the problem is predominantly urban, concentrated in Russia's largest cities, and with particularly sharp increases in deaths and serious injuries experienced in the Moscow region. Policy options are identified which aim to achieve substantial improvements in road safety through concerted, sustained and evidence-based action.
This report reviews the crash cost reduction factors for countermeasures currently listed in the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facility's Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) Handbook (HSIPHB) and provides revised values based on a literature survey of research and references. In addition, crash cost reduction factors are proposed for the five treatments that are not currently listed in the HSIPHB, including cable barrier median barriers, pavement traction enhancement, flashing yellow arrow left turn indications, HAWK pedestrian signals, and concrete median barriers. There is also a section on practices by other state DOT organizations. Alaska HSIP data is evaluated for safety effectiveness and the report provides an analysis and recommendations for the HSIP post evaluation process. This project and report also included research of the effectiveness of Active Advance Warning Flashers (AAWF) and shoulder rumble strips based upon Alaskan crash experience.
Each year around 1.2 million people are killed and 50 million are injured on roads around the world. But crashes are largely preventable and much can be done to reduce the burden of pain they cause and their economic impact. This report takes stock of recent developments and initiatives to meet increasingly ambitious road safety targets, and constitutes a major international review of progress in developing Safe System approaches, now adopted in a small number of countries.