The only book to deal specifically with the treatment of gait problems in cerebral palsy, this comprehensive, multi-disciplinary volume will be invaluable for all those working in the field of cerebral palsy and gait (neurologists, therapists, physiatrists, orthopaedic and neurosurgeons, and bioengineers). The book is divided into two parts. The first is designed to help the reader evaluate and understand a child with cerebral palsy. It deals with neurological control, musculoskeletal growth, and normal gait, as well as cerebral injury, growth deformities and gait pathology in children with cerebral palsy. The second section is a comprehensive overview of management. It emphasizes the most fundamental concept of treatment: manage the child's neurologic dysfunction first and then address the skeletal and muscular consequences of that dysfunction. The book has been thoroughly updated since the previous edition, with a greater focus on treatment and several entirely new topics covered, including chapters on the operative treatment of orthopaedic deformities. The book is accompanied by a DVD containing a teaching video on normal gait and a CD-ROM containing the videos and motion analysis data of all case examples used in the book, as well as teaching videos demonstrating the specifics of many of the procedures used in the correction of gait deformities and gait modelling examples from the Department of Bioengineering at Stanford University.
The only book dealing with the treatment of gait problems in cerebral palsy. From neurological control, musculoskeletal growth and cerebral injury through to treatment strategies (inclding orthopedic surgery).
Diseases of the nervous system in infancy and childhood have a profound impact on the lives of patients and their families and are probably the most disruptive of all paediatric ailments. This title is suitable for those with an interest in paediatric neurological diseases, including paediatricians and physicians in developmental medicine.
Thoroughly updated to reflect the latest advances and technologies, Braddom’s Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 6th Edition, remains the market leader in the field of PM&R. For more than 20 years, this bestselling reference has been the go-to resource for the entire rehabilitation team, providing in-depth coverage of essential core principles along with the latest research, technologies, and procedures that enhance patient care and facilitate optimal return to function. In this edition, lead editor Dr. David X. Cifu and his team of expert associate editors and contributing authors employ a more succinct format that emphasizes need-to-know material, incorporating new key summary features, including high-yield information and study sheets for problem-based learning. Focuses more heavily on rehabilitation, with case studies throughout and more comprehensive coverage of stroke evaluation, rehabilitation, and therapies. Provides expanded information on key topics such as interventional pain management options, gait and prosthetics, USG, fluoroscopy, electrodiagnosis and more. Features a new chapter on Occupational Medicine and Vocational Rehabilitation, plus enhanced coverage of the neurogenic bladder, rehabilitation and prosthetic restoration in upper limb amputation, and acute medical conditions including cardiac disease, medical frailty, and renal failure. Discusses quality and outcome measures for medical rehabilitation, practical aspects of impairment rating and disability determination, integrative medicine in rehabilitation, and assistive technology. Offers highly illustrated, templated chapters that are easy to navigate without sacrificing coverage of key topics. Includes access to dozens of even more practical videos and hundreds of integrated self-assessment questions for more effective learning and retention.
Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development focuses on children who suffered focal brain insult (typically stroke) in the pre- or perinatal period which provides a model for exploring the dynamic nature of early brain and cognitive development.
Over the last 25 years the definition and classification of cerebral palsy (CP) have evolved, as well as the approach to rehabilitation. CP is a disorder of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitations attributed to nonprogressive disturbances of the fetal or infant brain that may also affect sensation, perception, cognition, communication, and behavior. Motor control during reaching, grasping, and walking are disturbed by spasticity, dyskinesia, hyperreflexia, excessive coactivation of antagonist muscles, retained developmental reactions, and secondary musculoskeletal malformations, together with paresis and defective programing. Weakness and hypoextensibility of the muscles are due not only to inadequate recruitment of motor units, but also to changes in mechanical stresses and hormonal factors. Two methods, the General Movements Assessment and the Test of Infant Motor Performance, now permit the early detection of CP, while the development of valid and reliable outcome measures, particularly the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), have made it possible to evaluate change over time and the effects of clinical interventions. The GMFM has further led to the development of predictive curves of motor function while the Gross Motor Classification System and the Manual Ability Classification System provide standardized means to classify the severity of the movement disability. With the emergence of the task-oriented approach, the focus of therapy in rehabilitation has shifted from eliminating deficits to enhancing function across all performance domains by emphasizing fitness, function, participation, and quality of life. There is growing evidence supporting selected interventions and interest for the therapy and social integration of adults with CP.
Comparative Kinesiology of the Human Body: Normal and Pathological Conditions covers changes in musculoskeletal, neurological and cardiopulmonary systems that, when combined, are the three pillars of human movement. It examines the causes, processes, consequences and contexts of physical activity from different perspectives and life stages, from early childhood to the elderly. The book explains how purposeful movement of the human body is affected by pathological conditions related to any of these major systems. Coverage also includes external and internal factors that affect human growth patterns and development throughout the lifespan (embryo, child, adult and geriatrics). This book is the perfect reference for researchers in kinesiology, but it is also ideal for clinicians and students involved in rehabilitation practice. Includes in-depth coverage of the mechanical behavior of the embryo as one of the major determinants of human movement throughout the lifecycle Provides a comparison of human movement between normal and pathological conditions Addresses each body region in functional and dysfunctional kinesiological terms
This book offers an updated guide to the foot and ankle, and presents them at different ages, which will allow the reader to analyze and understand how the foot develops from the early stages to adulthood. It provides a general overview of the anatomy, biomechanics, diagnosis, surgical approaches, treatment alternatives, and complications in connection with pediatric and adult foot and ankle problems, gathering in-depth information on frequent pathologies in a single source. Written by world-renowned experts, the book offers various points of view on the topics discussed. This comparative approach is generally lacking in foot and ankle literature, an oversight that the book addresses. The content consists of 59 chapters, divided into the following major sections: Basic sciences and general considerations, Pediatric orthopedics and traumatology, Adult orthopedics and Adult sports lesions and traumatology. Foot and Ankle Disorders: A Comprehensive Approach in Pediatric and Adult Populations will be of major interest for orthopedic surgery residents, for orthopedic surgeons who are starting their careers, and for experienced ones seeking updated information on the foot and ankle.
This issue of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics, guest edited by Dr. Aloysia L. Schwabe, will cover a number of important topics related to Cerebral Palsy. This issue is one of four each year selected by our series Consulting Editor, Dr. Santos Martinez. Articles in this issue include but are not limited to: Comprehensive Care in CP, The Expanding Role of Genetics in CP, Musculoskeletal Imaging in CP, Updates in Medical Management of Hypertonia, Biomechanics and Lower Limb Bracing, Surgical tone Reduction In CP, Motion Analysis in Pre-operative Surgical Planning, Technological Advances in CP Rehabilitation, Adaptive Sports and Recreation, Transition, Adult Orthopedic Issues in CP, and CPRN.