With a view to investigate the nutritional efficiency, growth performance and carcass characteristics of broilers fed on diets containing different levels of dried tomato pomace (DTP) with or without enzyme supplementation the present study was carried out. The chemical composition of DTP used in the present study was 22.39% CP, 12.23 % EE and 40.1 % CF. The calculated ME content of the DTP was 2172 kcal/ kg. The AME, TME and N utilization of DTP were estimated by conducting a trial using 12 adult White Leghorn cockerels. The AME and TME values of DTP were 2080 and 2193 kcal/kg, respectively. The N utilization of DTP was 56.64 percent. Dried tomato pomace (DTP) was included at 0, 5, 10 and 15 per cent levels without (T1, T3, T5 and T7) and with (T2, T4, T6 and T8) enzyme supplementation in iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous broiler starter and finisher diets to assess the growth performance and carcass characteristics of broilers. The starter and finisher diets were formulated according to BIS (1992) specifications. Two hundred and forty Vencob day-old male broilers were fed starter and finisher diets from 0 to 4 weeks and 5 to 6 weeks, respectively.
In addition to being served as a fresh vegetable, tomato is also consumed in the form of various processed products, such as paste, juice, sauce, puree and ketchup. Generally, in processing these products, different by-products including peels, seeds and pulps are produced. The rational disposal of Tomato waste represents not only a resource problem but also an environmental and economic one for the Tomato Processing Industry. Tomato Processing By-Products: Sustainable Applications indicates the alternative sustainable solutions for the recovery of tomato processing by-products as a source for animal feed and valuable components as well as their possible approaches for value-added utilization in energy, environmental and agricultural applications. Aimed at agricultural or food engineers who work in the Tomato processing industry and are seeking to improve their by-products management by actively utilizing them in effective applications. Includes tomato processing by-products, their quantification and classification Approaches tomato waste for animal feeding Brings successful case study of tomato processing by-products valorization
Cellulose is destined to play a major role in the emerging bioeconomy. Awareness of the environment and a depletion of fossil fuels are some of the driving forces for looking at forest biomaterials for an alternative source of energy, chemicals and materials. The importance of cellulose is widely recognized world-wide and as such the field of cellulose science is expanding exponentially. Cellulose, the most abundant biopolymer on earth, has unique properties which makes it an ideal starting point for transforming it into useful materials. To achieve this, a solid knowledge of cellulose is essential. As such this book on cellulose, the first in a series of three, is very timely. It deals with fundamental aspect of cellulose, giving the reader a good appreciation of the richness of cellulose properties. Book Cellulose - Fundamental Aspects is a good introduction to books Cellulose - Medical, Pharmaceutical and Electronic Applications and Cellulose - Biomass Conversion , in which applications of cellulose and its conversion to other materials are treated.
Continuing food poisoning outbreaks around the globe have put fresh produce safety at the forefront of food research. Global Safety of Fresh Produce provides a detailed and comprehensive overview of best practice for produce safety throughout the food chain, and unique coverage of commercial technologies for fresh produce safety. Part one covers the production and regulation of fresh produce on the agricultural level, including issues of niche farm fresh products, FDA regulation, and zoonotic transfer of pathogens from animals to farm products. Part two moves on to look at safety and environmental issues surrounding fresh produce processing, such as postharvest washing, alternative sanitizers, and using produce waste as animal feed. Part three focuses on current and emerging commercial solutions for fresh produce safety, like ionizing radiation and edible coatings, and part four covers methods of laboratory testing and related legislation. The final section of the book covers a series of case studies of fresh produce safety breaches, including European E. coli outbreaks in sprouts and leafy greens, and the illegal use of fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs) in China. This book is an essential text for R&D managers in the fresh produce industry, quality control professionals working with fresh produce throughout the food chain, postgraduate students, and academic researchers with an interest in fresh produce safety. Provides a comprehensive overview of best practice for produce safety Examines the production and regulation of fresh agricultural produce Looks at safety and environmental issues surrounding fresh produce processing
Tomato is one of the most widespread horticultural species in the world. Used in a wide and diverse range of forms, from being suitable for consumption fresh to use as a manufactured derivative, e.g. sauce, peeled, juices, ketchup, etc., it is hard to imagine tomato-free cuisine. With many national traditions and dishes based on this culinary vegetable, it is said to be one of the symbols of Mediterranean cuisine. This book looks at the many changes that are taking place in the tomato market and industry; tomato producers are combining tomato origin, tradition, territory, quality, service and supply chain to adapt to the needs of the new consumers. It deals with the topics that are pertinent to the current industry: rheology and mechanical properties; origin determination; innovation and new product development; market research; sensory and consumer preference; quality control and new methods; volatile compounds and aroma; non-conventional processing technologies; functional and healthy compounds; waste and by-product valorization; and sustainability and traditional products. Providing a comprehensive overview of the actual tomato industry; how it ensures product authenticity; new product development, particularly focused on consumer demands; the presence of bio-active substances able to prevent chronic diseases (carotenoids, phenolic and flavonoids); and how to convert industrial waste into added value by-products; this book will appeal to professionals and food product developers.
Comprehensive and multidisciplinary presentation of the current trends in trace elements for human, animals, plants, and the environment This reference provides the latest research into the presence, characterization, and applications of trace elements and their role in humans, animals, and plants as well as their use in developing novel, functional feeds, foods, and fertilizers. It takes an interdisciplinary approach to the subject, describing the biological and industrial applications of trace elements. It covers various topics, such as the occurrence, role, and monitoring of trace elements and their characterization, as well as applications from the preliminary research to laboratory trials. Recent Advances in Trace Elements focuses on the introduction and prospects of trace elements; tackles environmental aspects such as sources of emission, methods of monitoring, and treatment/remediation processes; goes over the biological role of trace elements in plants, animals, and human organisms; and discusses the relevance of biomedical applications and commercialization. A compendium of recent knowledge in interdisciplinary trace element research Uniquely covers production and characterization of trace elements, as well as the industrial and biomedical aspects of their use Paves the way for the development of innovative products in diverse fields, including pharmaceuticals, food, environment, and materials science Edited by well-known experts in the field of trace elements with contributions from international specialists from a wide range of areas Unique in presenting comprehensive and multidisciplinary information of the key aspects of trace elements research in a digestible form, this book is essential reading for the novice and expert in the fields of environmental science, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, materials science, pharmaceutical science, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical sciences. It is also valuable for companies that implement new products incorporating trace elements to the market.
Commercial poultry production is associated with various types of stress leading to decrease of productive and reproductive performance and compromised health of growing chickens, parent birds as well as commercial layers. Stress adaptation is associated with various signaling pathways and is executed at the gene level. The term vitagenes refers to a group of redox-sensitive genes that are involved in stress sensing and preserving cellular adaptive homeostasis. The vitagene family includes heat shock proteins, superoxide dismutase, glutathione and thioredoxin systems and sirtuins. The vitagenes are key players in redox signaling and redox homeostasis maintenance in birds, including poultry under commercial stress conditions of egg and meat production. Development of the vitagene concept become an important milestone in understanding molecular mechanisms of adaptation to stress. The goal of this book is to provide up to date information about the roles of vitagenes in avian biology and poultry health. Special emphasis is put on the role of vitagenes as an essential part of the redox homeostasis maintenance, stress adaptation, and development of adaptive homeostasis. The book provides data to indicate that nutritional modulation of vitagenes is a new direction in nutritional sciences. Practical results of the successful usage of the vitagene concept in poultry production are also presented. This book is intended to be of practical importance to avian/animal scientists, poultry producers, to nutritionists and vets, students of biological and agricultural colleges and universities. It can also be interesting for researchers in areas related to physiology, biochemistry, nutrition, ecology, environmental sciences, evolutionary biology, etc.
Food Quality: Balancing Health and Disease, Volume Thirteen in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, provides essential information for researchers, scientists and students on the relationship between the quality of foods and disease at the biological level. It presents different technological approaches to detect food properties and their capabilities for balancing health and disease to deliver high-quality products to consumers. This volume explores the dynamic potential of how food bioengineering can improve traditional foods through modern methods to make a positive impact on human health and foster innovation. Provides information on how bioavailability of nutrients and food formulation can be used to prevent or improve disease Includes the most recent research methods of metabolomics and genomics to detect best outcomes Includes innovative applications for anti-aging effects and curative properties in foods Presents research examples on how both human gut microbiota and food components control the way certain organisms develop and react in different environmental conditions
Selenium (Se) is an essential dietary trace element participating in the regulation of various physiological functions in humans, farm animals and poultry through its incorporation into a range of selenoproteins. Low Se content in main feed ingredients is a common problem worldwide and dietary Se supplementation is a current practise in poultry and farm animal nutrition. Recent research clearly proved that sodium selenite, used for the last 40 years as a feed supplement, is not an optimal form of Se. However, use of organic selenium in animal/poultry diets can help meeting Se requirement and maintain high immunocompetence, productive and reproductive performance. The goal of this book is to provide up to date information about the roles of Se in poultry nutrition and health. A special emphasis is given to the role of selenium as an essential part of the integrated antioxidant system. Se in feed and organic Se are characterised in detail with emphasis to selenomethionine as a storage form of Se in the body. Also specific Se-deficiency related diseases in poultry are described and the importance of Se in growth, development, immunity and reproduction is demonstrated. A link between poultry industry and human health via production of Se-eggs and Se-enriched meat is shown. This book will be of practical importance to poultry producers, to nutritionists and vets as well as for avian/animal scientists, students of agricultural colleges and universities. It will also be of interest for researchers in areas related to ecology, environmental sciences, evolutionary biology, etc.