Recent publications in food engineering concern mainly food process engi neering, which is related to chemical engineering, and deals primarily with unit operations and unit processes, as applied to the wide variety of food processing operations. Relatively less attention is paid to the design and operation of food processing equipment, which is necessary to carry out all of the food processes in the food plant. Significant technical advances on processing equipment have been made by the manufacturers, as evidenced by the efficient modem food pro cessing plants. There is a need to relate advances in process engineering to proc ess equipment, and vice versa. This book is an attempt to apply the established principles of transport phe nomena and unit operations to the design, selection, and operation of food pro cessing equipment. Since food processing equipment is still designed empiri cally, due to the complexity of the processes and the uncertainty of food properties, description of some typical industrial units is necessary to understand the operating characteristics. Approximate values and data are used for illustra tive purposes, since there is an understandable lack of published industrial data.
This text covers the design of food processing equipment based on key unit operations, such as heating, cooling, and drying. In addition, mechanical processing operations such as separations, transport, storage, and packaging of food materials, as well as an introduction to food processes and food processing plants are discussed. Handbook of Food Processing Equipment is an essential reference for food engineers and food technologists working in the food process industries, as well as for designers of process plants. The book also serves as a basic reference for food process engineering students.The chapters cover engineering and economic issues for all important steps in food processing. This research is based on the physical properties of food, the analytical expressions of transport phenomena, and the description of typical equipment used in food processing. Illustrations that explain the structure and operation of industrial food processing equipment are presented. style="font-size: 13.3333330154419px;">The materials of construction and fabrication of food processing equipment are covered here, as well as the selection of the appropriate equipment for various food processing operations. Mechanical processing equipment such as size reduction, size enlargement, homogenization, and mixing are discussed. Mechanical separations equipment such as filters, centrifuges, presses, and solids/air systems, plus equipment for industrial food processing such as heat transfer, evaporation, dehydration, refrigeration, freezing, thermal processing, and dehydration, are presented. Equipment for novel food processes such as high pressure processing, are discussed. The appendices include conversion of units, selected thermophysical properties, plant utilities, and an extensive list of manufacturers and suppliers of food equipment.
Authored by world experts, the Handbook of Food Processing and Engineering discusses the basic principles and applications of major commercial food processing technologies. The book’s second volume, discusses various food preservation processes including blanching, pasteurization, chilling, freezing, aseptic packaging, and nonthermal food processing. The book describes common food engineering unit operations as well as preservation processes required to convert raw materials into final products. Also covered are topics surrounding food safety and quality.
The Handbook of Food Products Manufacturing is a definitive master reference, providing an overview of food manufacturing in general, and then covering the processing and manufacturing of more than 100 of the most common food products. With editors and contributors from 24 countries in North America, Europe, and Asia, this guide provides international expertise and a truly global perspective on food manufacturing.
Focusing on the technology involved, this handbook describes the principles as well as the equipment used and the changes - physical, chemical, microbiological and organoleptic - that occur during food preservation. In doing so the text covers in detail such techniques as post-harvest handling, thermal processing, evaporation and dehydration, freezing, irradiation, high pressure processing, emerging technologies, baking, extrusion, frying and packaging. In addition current concerns about the safety of processed foods and control of food processes are addressed, as are the impact of processing on the environment and separation and conversion operations widely used in the food industry. Scientists and engineers involved in food manufacture, research and development in both industry and academia will benefit greatly from the contents as will students studying food related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
Food Processing Technology: Principles and Practice, Fifth Edition includes emerging trends and developments in food processing. The book has been fully updated to provide comprehensive, up-to-date technical information. For each food processing unit operation, theory and principles are first described, followed by equipment used commercially and its operating conditions, the effects of the operation on micro-organisms, and the nutritional and sensory qualities of the foods concerned. Part I describes basic concepts; Part II describes operations that take place at ambient temperature; Part III describes processing using heat; Part IV describes processing by removing heat; and Part V describes post-processing operations. This book continues to be the most comprehensive reference in the field, covering all processing unit operations in a single volume. The title brings key terms and definitions, sample problems, recommended further readings and illustrated processes. Presents current trends on food sustainability, environmental considerations, changing consumer choices, reduced packaging and energy use, and functional and healthy/plant-based foods Includes highly illustrated line drawings and/or photographs to show the principles of equipment operation and/or examples of equipment that is used commercially Contains worked examples of common calculations
With over 2900 references, tables, and drawings, this book covers a wide variety of conventional and potential food preservation techniques. Emphasizing practical, cost-effective, and safe strategies, the book facilitates the selection of the best food ingredients and preservation techniques. It covers postharvest handling, explains conventional preservation methods, details the use of natural antimicrobials, antioxidants, edible coating, nitrites, food packaging, and HACCP in food safety. Highlighting the effects of preservation methods on the functional and sensory properties of foods, the book also features the exact mode or mechanisms involved in each preservation method.
Advances in food science, technology, and engineering are occurring at such a rapid rate that obtaining current, detailed information is challenging at best. While almost everyone engaged in these disciplines has accumulated a vast variety of data over time, an organized, comprehensive resource containing this data would be invaluable to have. The
Food engineering has become increasingly important in the food industry over the years, as food engineers play a key role in developing new food products and improved manufacturing processes. While other textbooks have covered some aspects of this emerging field, this is the first applications-oriented handbook to cover food engineering processes and manufacturing techniques. A major portion of Handbook of Food Engineering Practice is devoted to defining and explaining essential food operations such as pumping systems, food preservation, and sterilization, as well as freezing and drying. Membranes and evaporator systems and packaging materials and their properties are examined as well. The handbook provides information on how to design accelerated storage studies and determine the temperature tolerance of foods, both of which are important in predicting shelf life. The book also examines the importance of physical and rheological properties of foods, with a special look at the rheology of dough and the design of processing systems for the manufacture of dough. The final third of the book provides useful supporting material that applies to all of the previously discussed unit operations, including cost/profit analysis methods, simulation procedures, sanitary guidelines, and process controller design. The book also includes a survey of food chemistry, a critical area of science for food engineers.
Retitled to reflect expansion of coverage from the first edition, Handbook of Meat and Meat Processing, Second Edition, contains a complete update of materials and nearly twice the number of chapters. Divided into seven parts, the book covers the entire range of issues related to meat and meat processing, from nutrients to techniques for preservation and extending shelf life. Topics discussed include: An overview of the meat-processing industry The basic science of meat, with chapters on muscle biology, meat consumption, and chemistry Meat attributes and characteristics, including color, flavor, quality assessment, analysis, texture, and control of microbial contamination The primary processing of meat, including slaughter, carcass evaluation, and kosher laws Principles and applications in the secondary processing of meat, including breading, curing, fermenting, smoking, and marinating The manufacture of processed meat products such as sausage and ham The safety of meat products and meat workers, including sanitation issues and hazard analysis Drawn from the combined efforts of nearly 100 experts from 16 countries, the book has been carefully vetted to ensure technical accuracy for each topic. This definitive guide to meat and meat products it is a critical tool for all food industry professionals and regulatory personnel.
Engineering Principles of Unit Operations in Food Processing, volume 1 in the Woodhead Publishing Series, In Unit Operations and Processing Equipment in the Food Industry series, presents basic principles of food engineering with an emphasis on unit operations, such as heat transfer, mass transfer and fluid mechanics. Brings new opportunities in the optimization of food processing operations Thoroughly explores applications of food engineering to food processes Focuses on unit operations from an engineering viewpoint